National Human Rights Institutions

” The idea of establishing national human rights institutions was first conceived in the aftermath of World War II. In 1946, the Economic and Social Council considered the issue of national institutions, two years before the Universal Declaration of Human (UDHR) Rights became the “common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations”. Member states were invited to consider establishing information groups or local human rights committees”.
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Links to more information about NHRIs.

The International Coordinating Committee for National Human Rights Institutions (ICC)
ICC is the international association of national human rights institutions (NHRIs) from all parts of the globe.
Paris Principles: 20 years guiding the work of National Human Rights Institutions
Office of the Hight Commissioner of Human Rights and NHRIs
Strengthening the bond between parliaments and national human rights institutions
Handbook on National Human Rights Plan of Action

Some relevant UN resolutions

Over the past two decades, the United Nations General Assembly and other bodies have issued resolutions of relevance to NHRIs. Below they are listed and structured into three parts:

UN General Assembly Resolutions

 Resolutions of the UN Commission on Human Rights (until 2005)

 Resolutions of the UN  Human Rights Council

The easiest way to find documents and resolutions by the Human Rights Council regarding  NHRIs is to go to the webpages below:

Human Rights Council’s webpage
or directly to
Documents and Resolutions


NHRI Database
The primary objective with the database is to make NHRI related materials (annual reports, thematic guides and studies, national inquiries, etc) available to a wider audience and to generally promote the work of NHRIs around the world.
The database is maintained and updated by Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights.


Human Rights Commission of Malaysia, SUHAKAM